When North Americans are talking about "deer" unless otherwise specified, it is pretty safe to assume they are talking about the common deer species in NA lol. Those would be.... White Tail, Black Tail, and Mule Deer lol. All species average (Continental Average) of 100-300 lbs (southern does are on the lower end of that, nothern WT and Mule Bucks tend to be on the high end) on the hoof... about the same weight as a human. It's not the same as "asking if women are skinny", it's not like the guy is from Cape Town or Porto Alegre, asking about a future hunt in WA lol... In NA, we distinguish our large deer species from their smaller brethren (because they are notably larger), unlike our friends in Europe, who call Elk sized animals "red deer"... and poodle sized animals "roe deer".When people speak of "enough gun for Deer" are we speaking the large dog sized deer sometimes found in the south and south east, the rabbit sized deer of South America or deer in the 150-300 pound range. It's like asking if women are skinny.
Alright, so first off, you've heard a lot of good info on the .440 round ball. I think..., IF we somehow could take a survey of all the deer in the United states taken by round ball in the era of black powder, we'd find that most were taken in the under .500 size range.First off, I hunt with my muzzleloaders. Thinking of a .45 cal. ML for deer hunting. Is there anyone who thinks that a .440 patched RB at 1231 ft.lbs of muzzle energy isn't enough for deer size game?
Even a 240 grn. Maxi Ball is only 1485 ft.lbs. of muzzle energy at 100grns. of FF.....
I've never hunted with anything less than a .50cal. using a .490 RB at 1739 ft.lbs. of muzzle energy.