Quantcast

Help Support Muzzle Loading Forum:

Le Loup

32 Cal.
MLF Supporter
Joined
Feb 15, 2010
Messages
431
Reaction score
207
Location
New England Australia

Trail Foods. Byrd. The Secret History.

William Byrd II (March 28, 1674 – August 26, 1744)

“The Portable Provisions I would furnish our Foresters withal are Glue-Broth and rockahomini : one contains the Essence of Bread, the other of Meat.

The best way of making Glue-Broth is after the following method: Take a Leg of Beef, Veal, Venison, or any other Young Meat, because Old Meat will not so easily Jelly. Pare off all the fat, in which there is no Nutriment, and of the Lean make a very strong Broth, after the usual Manner, by boiling the meat to Rags till all the Goodness be out. After Skimming off what fat remains, pour the Broth into a wide Stew-Pan, well tinn'd, & let it simmer over a gentle, even Fire, till it come to a thick

Jelly. Then take it off and set it over Boiling Water, which is an Evener Heat, and not so apt to bum the Broth to the Vessel. Over that let it evaporate, stirring it very often till it be reduc'd, when cold, into a Solid Substance like Glue. Then cut it into small Pieces, laying them Single in the Cold, that they may dry the Sooner. When the Pieces are perfectly dry, put them into a Cannister, and they will be good, if kept Dry, a whole East India Voyage.

This Glue is so Strong, that two or three Drams, dissolv'd in boiling Water with a little Salt, will make half a pint of good Broth, & if you shou'd be faint with fasting or Fatigue, let a small piece of this Glue melt in your Mouth, and you will find yourself surprisingly refreshed. One Pound of this cookery wou'd keep a man in good heart above a Month, and is not only Nourishing, but likewise very wholesome. Particularly

it is good against Fluxes, which Woodsmen are very liable to,

by lying too near the moist ground, and guzzling too much cold Water. But as it will be only us'd now and then, in times of Scarcity, when Game is wanting, two Pounds of it will be enough for a Journey of Six Months. But this Broth will be still more heartening if you thicken every mess with half a Spoonful of Rockahominy, which is nothing but Indian Corn

parched without burning, and reduced to Powder. The Fire drives out all the Watery Parts of the Corn, leaving the Strength of it behind, and this being very dry, becomes much lighter for carriage and less liable to be Spoilt by the Moist Air.

Thus half a Dozen Pounds of this Sprightful Bread will sustain a Man for as many Months, provided he husband it well, and always Spare it when he meets with Venison, which, as I said before, may be very Safely eaten without any Bread at all.

By what I have said, a Man needs not encumber himself with more than 8 or 10 Pounds of Provisions, tho' he continue half a year in the Woods. These and his Gun will support him very well during that time, without the least danger of keeping one Single Fast. And tho' some of his days may be what the French call Jours maigres, yet there will happen no more of those than will be necessary for his health, and to carry off the Excesses

of the Days of Plenty, when our Travellers will be apt to indulge their Lawless Appetites too much”.

“After these necessary Matters were settled, I ordered 1000 lb

of Brown Biscuit, & 200 lb of white to be provided, & 6 Baggage Horses to carry it, at the rate of 3 Baggs containing 200 lb. each Horse. As for meat I intended to carry none, but to depend intirely upon Providence for it. But because the Game was not like to be plentifull till we got above the Inhabitants, I directed all the men to find themselves with 10 day's Provision. I augumented my Number of Men to 17, which together with 3 which Firebrand undertook to get made up the Complement of 20. For these I provided Ammunition after the Rate of 2lbs of Powder a Man, with Shot in proportion”.

Byrd. The Secret History.


“We, on the part of Virginia, that we might be sure to be punctual, arriv'd at Mr. Kinchin's, the place appointed, on the 19th, after a Journey of three days, in which nothing Remarkable happen'd.

We found three of the Carolina-Commissioners had taken Possession of the House, having come thither by water from Edenton, By the Great Quantity of Provisions these Gentlemen brought, and the few men they had to eat them, we were afraid they intended to carry the Line to the South sea.

They had 500 lbs of bcaon and dry'd Beef, and 500 lbs of Bisket, and not above three or four men. The misfortime was, they forgot to provide Horses to carry their good things, or else trusted to the Incertainty of hireing them here, which, considering the Place, was leaving too much to that Jilt, Hazard.

On our part we had taken better Care, being completely furnisht with everything necessary for transporting our Baggage and Provisions. Indeed we brought no other Provisions out with us but 1000 lbs of Bread and had Faith enough to depend on Providence for our Meat, being desirous

to husband the publick Money as much as possible. We had no less than 20 men, besides the Chaplain, the Surveyors and

all the Servants, to be Subsisted upon this Bread. However, that it might hold out the better, our men had been Order'd to provide themselves at Home with Provision for Ten days, in which time we judg'd we should get beyond the Inhabitants, where Forest-Game of all sorts was like to be plenty at that time of the Year”.

“One of our Men Spy'd three Buffaloes, but his Piece being loaded only with Goose-shot, he was able to make no effectual Impression on their thick hides; however, this Disappointment was made up by a Brace of Bucks, and as many Wild Turkeys, kill'd by the rest of the company. Thus Providence was very Bountiful to our Endeavours, never disappointing those that Faithfully rely upon it, and pray heartily for their Daily Bread”.

Byrd. History of the Dividing Line.
 

Le Loup

32 Cal.
MLF Supporter
Joined
Feb 15, 2010
Messages
431
Reaction score
207
Location
New England Australia
Nicely done, Keith, thanks.

I did a little day trek to put some of his ideas into action, you might like to see my results.

https://www.muzzleloadingforum.com/threads/a-meager-trek.101836/

Spence
Well done, excellent post. Mate your name rang a bell when you first answered one of my posts, but that was far as it went. Now I see your image in this article, so I searched my files going back a few years. Is this you by any chance? Throwing the tomahawk?
Keith.
 

Le Loup

32 Cal.
MLF Supporter
Joined
Feb 15, 2010
Messages
431
Reaction score
207
Location
New England Australia
I cannot tell a lie, your shot hit dead center. ;)

Spence
Mate, my sincere apologies for not realising who you were sooner, I think you & I have even conversed with each other some years back. This forum & its members are privileged to have you here. Not too many woodsmen of your standing & abilities left anymore. I am very pleased to make contact with you again Spence.
My sincere regards,
Keith.
 

Spence10

Cannon
Joined
Aug 8, 2010
Messages
7,646
Reaction score
997
Location
Kentucky
Yes, we have talked in the past. I've been aware of your page as the best researched source on the web concerning our peculiar activities, and have used it for years. I owe you many thanks for that, as does everyone in the hobby.

Spence
 

Le Loup

32 Cal.
MLF Supporter
Joined
Feb 15, 2010
Messages
431
Reaction score
207
Location
New England Australia
Yes, we have talked in the past. I've been aware of your page as the best researched source on the web concerning our peculiar activities, and have used it for years. I owe you many thanks for that, as does everyone in the hobby.

Spence
Thank you Spence, appreciated.
Regards, Keith.
 

Brokennock

62 Cal.
Joined
May 15, 2011
Messages
2,885
Reaction score
1,517
Location
North Central Connecticut
"Thus half a Dozen Pounds of this Sprightful Bread will sustain a Man for as many Months, provided he husband it well, and always Spare it when he meets with Venison, which, as I said before, may be very Safely eaten without any Bread at all."

I find the notion implied here that other meats are not "safe" to eat without bread interesting. Especially as I would contend it's the bread that isn't "safe" to eat.
Now as for eating any of it without rum, or real hard cider, now that is unsafe.
 

tenngun

Cannon
MLF Supporter
Joined
Jan 27, 2008
Messages
13,333
Reaction score
3,826
Location
Republic mo
Often the failure to eat bread or some sort of grain with a meal was considered unhealthy. And to not drink a little was also a killer. Health food was a lot easier Cr 1700.
 

Le Loup

32 Cal.
MLF Supporter
Joined
Feb 15, 2010
Messages
431
Reaction score
207
Location
New England Australia
"Thus half a Dozen Pounds of this Sprightful Bread will sustain a Man for as many Months, provided he husband it well, and always Spare it when he meets with Venison, which, as I said before, may be very Safely eaten without any Bread at all."

I find the notion implied here that other meats are not "safe" to eat without bread interesting. Especially as I would contend it's the bread that isn't "safe" to eat.
Now as for eating any of it without rum, or real hard cider, now that is unsafe.
A very interesting quote, thank you.
Keith.
 

Brokennock

62 Cal.
Joined
May 15, 2011
Messages
2,885
Reaction score
1,517
Location
North Central Connecticut
Often the failure to eat bread or some sort of grain with a meal was considered unhealthy. And to not drink a little was also a killer. Health food was a lot easier Cr 1700.
Bread and grains are NOT "health food." That said. I would agree our state of nutrition has only gotten worse since then.
 

Carbon 6

Cannon
Joined
Nov 2, 2018
Messages
6,834
Reaction score
3,334
I find the notion implied here that other meats are not "safe" to eat without bread interesting.
I don't think that's what he was inferring.
I think he was referring to glue broth made from venison being good at relieving the fluxes (diarrhea or dysentery) not as a cure but as a restorative, or possibly a preventative since it was a cooked product, and the venison was a young better product.
 

tenngun

Cannon
MLF Supporter
Joined
Jan 27, 2008
Messages
13,333
Reaction score
3,826
Location
Republic mo
Bread and grains are NOT "health food." That said. I would agree our state of nutrition has only gotten worse since then.
That was tongue in cheek, many foods considered healthy then are po-pooed today. Bread was considered something you needed to be healthy. If you couldn’t get bread you needed large exchange of other grains.
The Bible listed sign of famine in the end days and put famin as one of the four horse men, his cry was a measure of wheat for deneirii or three measures of barley. During the revolution bread or wheat could be replaced withvc2-5 times more of potatoes or rice .??,(
 

Loyalist Dave

Cannon
MLF Supporter
Joined
Nov 22, 2011
Messages
9,360
Reaction score
2,197
Location
People's Republic of Maryland
We should also remember that the bread of the 18th century for a lot of the population was "thirds", having 1/3 whole white wheat flour, 1/3 corn meal, 1/3 rye or oats, and even when one had the money, it was from whole white wheat, including the germ, with sea-salt having trace minerals, not to mention the minerals from some wells if it was made with well water. There is a lot more nutrition and vitamins in such bread than one finds even in some "artisan" breads baked by our bakers today. ;)

LD
 

Black Hand

Cannon
Joined
Mar 17, 2005
Messages
9,348
Reaction score
807
Bread and grains are NOT "health food." That said. I would agree our state of nutrition has only gotten worse since then.
I don't really agree with this statement, flour is far more refined today and some nutritional value is stripped during processing (bread & grains are not inherently bad despite what the media would like you to believe). Our state of activity has worsened since then but our diet has improved. Then as now, one could choose what they ate and the rich people had more variety than the poor (and we had some overweight, unhealthy rich people then, remembering that "plump" was also a sign of wealth). We know more about nutrition today, yet some people still choose to eat high-calories "junk" foods over "healthier" varieties because they are "quick" and "easy" (though cooking at home from raw ingredients is still quicker and easier). Ultimately, it is the amount of physical activity one does (in conjunction with a healthy diet) that has an overall effect on weight, blood pressure and state of mind.
 

Carbon 6

Cannon
Joined
Nov 2, 2018
Messages
6,834
Reaction score
3,334
In 2012 a 17 year old British girl was rushed to the hospital after she collapsed. She had been eating primarily chicken nuggets for 15 years.
 

tenngun

Cannon
MLF Supporter
Joined
Jan 27, 2008
Messages
13,333
Reaction score
3,826
Location
Republic mo
Each place and each time had its ideas about food. Often one of the newly discovered food was described as ‘healthful’. Raw food was considered deadly in much of British and Germanic controlled lands.
Sauerkraut, was found to prevent scurvy. Cook shipped it on his voyages, and it worked. However he had a devil of a time convincing his men to eat it.
American frontiersman and Canadians with them are known to have suffered from lack of fat in their diet.
At one time Julius Caesar Dictator’s men almost mutinied over too much beef in their diet while in Gaul. Chinese railroad builders in America stayed healthier in general then their Irish and Cornish counterparts, a fact atibuted to hot tea drinking instead of poorly stored and transported water.
 

Latest posts

Top