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This is from the Colorado State Muzzle Loading Association [cont]

Innis, Harold (1956)
The Fur Trade in Canada. University of Ontario Press, Totonto.

Jensen, Richard E. (1975)
Bellevue: The First Twenty Years, 1822-1842. Nebraska History 56(3):338-374.

(1998) The Fontenelle & Cabanne Trading Posts. The History and Archaeology of Two Missouri River Sites1822-1838. Nebraska State Historical Society, Lincoln.

Johnson, Eldon (1961)
Interim Report on Excavations a the Grand Portage National Monument, June 12-July 14, 1961. Ms. in possession of Alan R. Woolworth, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.

Johnson, Ida Amanda (1919)
The Michigan Fur Trade. Lansing: Michigan Historical Commission.

Johnson, Jeffrey Lee (1998)
The Peltry Trade of Louisiane to 1763: A Study in Comparative Archaeology. Master's Thesis, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.

Jones, Bruce A. (1979a)
Travel to Fort Charlotte, Grand Portage National Monument, September 10-25, 1979. Memorandum [A26 (MWAC)] to Chief, Midwest Archeological Center, dated October 3, 1979. On file, Midwest Archeoolgical Center, Lincoln, Nebraska.

(1979b) Archaeological Investigations at Locations of Proposed Water Reservoir, Grand Portage National Monument. Memorandum to Chief, Midwest Archeological Center, dated October 3, 1979. On file, Midwest Archeoolgical Center, Lincoln, Nebraska.

(1980) Historic Site Archeology at Fort Charlotte, Grand Portage National Monument, Minnesota. Ms. on file, National Park Service, Midwest Archeological Center, Lincoln, Nebraska.

(1985) Archeological Survey and Shovel Testing at Grand Portage National Monument, September 4-7, 1985. Memorandum [A26] to Chief, Midwest Archeological Center, dated October 15, 1985. On file, Midwest Archeoolgical Center, Lincoln, Nebraska.

Jury, Wilfrid and Elsie McLeod Jury (1956)
The Nine-Mile Portage from Kempenfeldt Bay to The Nottawasaga River. University of Western Ontario, Museum of Indian Archaeology and Pioneer Life Bulletin 11. London.

Kardas, Susan (1970)
1969 Excavations at the Kanaka Village Site, Fort Vancouver, Washington. Report to National Park Service, San Francisco from Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, PA.

(1971) "The People Bought This and the Clatsop Became Rich," a View of Nineteenth Century Fur Trade Relationships on the Lower Columbia between Chinookan Speakers, Whites, and Kanakas. Doctoral dissertation, Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, PA.

Kehoe, Alice B. (1978)
Francois' House: An Early Fur Trade Post of the Saskatchewan River. Pastlog 2. Regina.

Kelly, Arthur R. (1939)
The Macon Trading Post, an Historical Foundling. American Antiquity 4(4):328-333.

Kenady, Stephen M., Susan A. Saastamo, and Roderick Sprague (1973)
Miscellaneous San Juan Island Reports 1970-1972. University of Idaho Anthropological Research Manuscript Series No. 7. Moscow.

Kent, Ronald J. (1982)
Report to the U.S. National Park Service, Northwest Region, On the Mitigative Archeological Testing and Assessment for the U.S. Army Bandstand Reconstruction Project at Vancouver Barracks, Vancouver, Washington. Ms., Fort Vancouver National Historic Site, Vancouver, WA.

Kidd, Kenneth E. (1941)
The Excavation of Fort Ste. Marie. Canadian Historical Review.

(1949) The Excavation of Ste. Marie Island. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

(1954) Trade Goods Research Techniques. American Antiquity 20(1):1-8.

(1955) A Statistical Analysis of Trade Axes. Bulletin of the New York State Archaeological Association 5:6.

Kidd, R. S. (1970)
Fort George and the Early Fur Trade in Alberta. Publications of the Provincial Museum and Archives of Alberta 2. Edmonton.

Killy, Monroe P. (1949)
Early Forms from the Iron Trade. Minnesota Archaeologist 15(10).

Kivett, Marvin F. (1959)
Excavations at Fort Atkinson, Nebraska. A Preliminary Report. Nebraska History 40(1):39-66.

Klammer, K. K. (1949)
Little Rapids trading post. Minnesota Archaeologist 16:30-58.

Klammer, K. K. and Paul Klammer (1949)
The Little Rapids trading post. Minnesota Archaeologist 15:30.

Klimko, Olga (1983)
The Archaeology and History of Fort Pelly 1, 1824-1856. PastLog 5. Saskatchewan Culture and Recreation, Regina.

(1994) The Archaeology of Land Based Fur Trade Posts in Western Canada: A History and Critical Analysis, Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver.

LaFleche, Andre (1979)
Hudson's Bay Company Suppliers, Part 3: A List of British Suppliers of Goods and Services to Hudson's Bay Company, 1820-75. Ms, On file, Parks Canada, Ottawa.

Larrabee , Edward McM. (1966)
Excavations Along the East Wall, Fort Vancouver National Historic Site. Ms., National Park Service, Vancouver, WA.

Larrabee, Edward McM. and Susan Kardas (1968)
Exploratory Excavations for the Kanaka Village, Fort Vancouver National Historic Site, Vancouver, Washington. Ms., National Park Service, Vancouver,WA.

Lavender, David (1954)
Bent's Fort. Garden City, Doubleday.

(1964) The Fist in the Wilderness. Garden City, Doubleday.

Lehmer, Donald J. (1971)
Introduction to Middle Missouri Archaeology. Anthropological Papers 1. National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C.

Light, John D., and Henry Unglik (1984)
A Frontier Fur Trade Blacksmith Shop 1796-1812. Studies in Archaeology, Architecture and History. Parks Canada, Ottawa.

Lombard, Percival Hall (1927)
The First Trading Post of the Plymouth Colony. Old-Time New England 18(1):70-86.

(1933) The Aptuxcet Trading Post: Its Restoration on the Original Foundations. Old-Time New England 23(4):159-174.

Lynott, Mark (1978)
Trip to Grand Portage National Monument, June 27-30, 1978. Memorandum [A26 -GRPO] to Chief, Midwest Archeological Center, dated July 11, 1978. On file, Midwest Archeoolgical Center, Lincoln, Nebraska.

(1988) Archeological Survey of a Proposed Toad Construction Locality at Grand Portage, Minnesota. Ms. on file, National Park Service, Midwest Archeological Center, Lincoln, Nebraska.

Majewski, T., and Noble, Vergil E. (In Press)
Eighteenth-Century British Ceramics on the American Colonial Frontier. Historical Archaeology.

Masich, Andrew E., Michael Bies, and Roderick Sprague (1979)
Miscellaneous San Juan Island Reports 1977-1978. University of Idaho Anthropological Research Manuscript Series No. 54. Moscow.

Matsen, Ken (1966)
Trade Gun. Screenings 15(4).

Mattes, Merril J. (1947)
Historic Sites in Missouri Valley Reservoir Areas. Omaha: National Park Service.

(1949) Historic Sites in the Fort Randall Reservoir Area. South Dakota Historical Collections 24:470-577.

(1949) Robidoux's Trading Post at Scotts's Bluffs" and the California Gold Rush. New England History 30(June):95-138.

(1954) Under the Wide Missouri. North Dakota History 21(4):145-167.

(1960) Historic Sites Archeology on the Upper Missouri. River Basin Surveys Paper 15. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 176:5-24. Washington.

Mattison, Ray H. (1951)
Old Fort Stevenson -- a Typical Missouri River Military Post. Bismarck: State Historical Society of North Dakota.

(1951) Report on Historical Aspects of the Garrison Reservoir Area, Missouri River; Mercer, McLean, Mountrail, Dunn, McKenzie and Williams Counties, North Dakota. Ms., National Park Service, Omaha.

(1951) Research Reports on Fort Stevenson and Fort Berthold. Appendices A and B in Report on Historical Aspects of the Garrison Reservoir Area, Missouri River. Ms., National Park Service, Omaha.

Maxwell, Moreau S. (1964)
Indian Artifacts at Fort Michilimackinac, Mackinac City, Michigan. Michigan Archaeologist 10(2):23-30.

Maxwell, Moreau S. and Lewis R. Binford (1961)
Excavation at Fort Michilimackinac, Mackinac City, Michigan: 1959 Season. East Lansing: Michigan State University.

Mayer, J. R. (1943)
Flintlocks of the Iroquois, 1620-1687. Rochester Museum of Arts and Sciences, Research Records 6:1-59. Rochester.

McKie, James M. (1981)
Selected Structures of the Hudson's Bay Company: A Functional Assessment. Master's thesis, University of Idaho, Moscow.

Merk, Frederick (1931)
Fur Trade and Empire, George Simpson's Journal, 1824-1825. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

Miles, George G. (1958)
The Northwest Token. Screenings 7(2):

Miller, Carl F. (1960)
The Excavation and Investigation of Fort Lookout Trading Post II (39-LM-57) in the Fort Randall Reservoir, South Dakota. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 176, River Basin Surveys Paper 17. Washington D.C.

Miller, J. Jefferson, III and Lyle M. Stone (1970)
Eighteenth Century Ceramics from Fort Michilimackinac: A Study in Historical Archeology. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Miller, Tom O. (1954)
Four Burials from the Coeur d'Alene Region, Idaho. American Antiquity 19(4):389-390.

Mills, John E. (1960)
Historic Sites Archeology in the Fort Randall Reservoir, South Dakota. River Basin Surveys Paper 16; Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 176:25-48. Washington.

Minnerly, William L. (1974)
Excavations at Fort Michilimackinac, 1974 Season: A Preliminary Report on Historical Preservation Grant Number 26-74-00092. Ms., The Museum, Michigan State University, The Mackinac Island State Park Commission, and National Park Service, Washington.

Minor, Rick (1987)
Archaeological Testing in the Southeast Area, Vancouver Barracks Historic District. Heritage Research Associates, Eugene.

(1988) Archaeological Testing at Fort Lugenbeel and the Upper Cascades Townsite, Skamania County, Washington. Report to U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District from Heritage Research Associates, Eugene.

Minor, Rick and Stephen Dow Beckham (1987)
Archaeological Testing in the Southeast Area, Vancouver Barracks Historic District. Heritage Research Associates Report No. 61. Eugene, OR.

Monk, Susan M. (1984)
Archeological Survey at Grand Portage NM. Memorandum to Mark Lynott, Supervisory Archeologist, Midwest Archeological Center, dated November 5, 1984. On file, Midwest Archeological Center, Lincoln, Nebraska.

(1986) A Summary of Archeological Monitoring at Grand Portage National Monument during Creek Bank Stabilization, August 18-21. Ms. on file, National Park Service, Midwest Archeological Center, Lincoln, Nebraska.

Monks, G. (1992)
Architectural Symbolism and Non-verbal Communication at Upper Fort Garry. Historical Archaeology 26(2):37-57.

Moore, Jackson W., Jr. (1968)
Bent's Old Fort: An Archaeological Study. State Historical Society of Colorado.

Newhouse, S. (1867)
The Trapper's Guide. Wallingford, CT: The Oneida Community. 14th edition reprinted 1910, Forest and Stream Publishing Co., New York.

Nicks, Gertrude C. (1969)
The Archaeology of Two Hudson's Bay Company Posts: Buckingham House (1792-1800) and Edmonton House (1810-1813). Master's Thesis, University of Alberta, Edmonton.

(1970) Toward a Trait List for the North Saskatchewan River in the Late Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries. Western Canada Journal of Anthropology 1(2):35-53.

Noble, Vergil E. (1978)
Excavations at Fort Ouiatenon, 1977 Field Season. MSU Museum. East Lansing. Submitted to Tippecanoe County Historical Association, Lafayette, Indiana.

(1979) Discovering Fort Ouiatenon, Its History and Archaeology. Tippecanoe Tales No. 6. Tippecanoe County Historical Association, Lafayette, Indiana.

(1979) Excavations at Fort Ouiatenon, 1978 Field Season. MSU Museum. East Lansing. Submitted to Tippecanoe County Historical Association, Lafayette, Indiana.

(1980) Excavations at Fort Ouiatenon, 1979 Field Season. MSU Museum. East Lansing. Submitted to Tippecanoe County Historical Association, Lafayette, Indiana.

(1982) Excavating Fort Ouiatenon, a French Fur Trading Post. Archaeology 35(2):71-73.

(1982) Excavations at Fort Ouiatenon, 1979 Field Season: Supplementary Report. MSU Museum, East Lansing.

(1982) (compiler and contributor) The Archeological Investigation of Fort Ouiatenon (1717-1791): Papers from the Symposium. MSU Museum, East Lansing.

(1983) In Dire Straits: Subsistence at Mackinac. The Michigan Archaeologist 29(3):29-48.

(1983) Fort Ouiatenon and the French Heritage in America. Michigan's Habitant Heritage 4(4):69-72.

(1983) Functional Classification and Intra-Site Analysis in Historical Archaeology: A Case Study from Fort Ouiatenon. University Microfilms International, Ann Arbor.

(1984) Review of Brain: Tunica Treasure. Historical Archaeology 18(1):131-132.

(1984) Review of Williams and Shapiro: A Search for the Eighteenth Century Village at Michilimackinac. The Michigan Archaeologist 29(4):103-104.

(1984) Review of Hauser: Jesuit Rings from Fort Michilimackinac and Other European Contact Sites. The Michigan Archaeologist 29(4):103-104.

(1987) Review of Karklins: Nottingham House: The Hudson's Bay Company in Athabasca, 1802-1806. Historical Archaeology 21(1):115-116.

(1987) Review of Allen: Peter Fidler and Nottingham House, Lake Athabasca, 1802-1806. Historical Archaeology 21(1):115-116.

(1988) Review of Miville-Deschênes: The Soldier Off Duty. Historical Archaeology 22(2):92-93.

(1989) Review of Hamilton and Emery: Eighteenth-Century Gunflints from Fort Michilimackinac and Other Colonial Sites. Michigan Historical Review 15(1):105-106.

(1989) An Archeological Survey of Development Projects within Grand Portage National Monument, Cook County, Minnesota. MWAC Reports, NPS.

(1990) Review of Mason: Rock Island. Historical Archaeology 24(1):112-113.

(1990) A Report on Archeological Investigations within the Grand Portage Depot (21CK6), Grand Portage National Monument: The Kitchen Drainage Project. MWAC Reports, NPS.

(1991) Recent Archaeological Investigations at Grand Portage. Le Journal 7(2):8-10. Center for French Colonial Studies, Prairie du Rocher, Illinois.

(1991) Ouiatenon on the Ouabache: Archaeological Investigations at a Fur Trading Post on the Wabash River. In: French Colonial Archaeology: The Illinois Country and the Western Great Lakes (edited by J. A. Walthall), pp. 65-77. Univ. of Illinois Press, Urbana. 1991.

(1994) Trip Report - November 8-9, 1994. Memorandum [A2624 (MWAC)] to Assistant Regional Director, Archeology/Anthropology, Midwest Region, dated November 14, 1994. On file, Midwest Archeological Center, Lincoln, Nebraska.

(1995) Trip Report, Grand Portage, May 15-19, 1995. Memorandum [A2624 (MWAC)] to Acting Manager, Midwest Archeological Center, dated May 23, 1995. On file, Midwest Archeological Center, Lincoln, Nebraska.

(1995) Review of Brown, Eccles, and Heldman (editors): The Fur Trade Revisited: Selected Papers of the Sixth North American Fur Trade Conference, Mackinac Island, Michigan, 1991. American Antiquity 60:780-781. 1995.

(1997) Eighteenth-Century Ceramics from Fort de Chartres III. Illinois Archaeology 9(1-2):36-78.

Noble, Vergil E., and R. C. Goodwin (1987)
Identification of Ceramics from the Chalmette Unit, Jean Lafitte National Historic Park. R. C. Goodwin and Associates, New Orleans. Submitted to NPS, Southeast Region.

Noble, William C. (1973)
The Excavation and Historical Identification of Rocky Mountain House. Canada Historic Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History 6:56-163. Ottawa.

Norton, Helen H. (1990)
An Inventory of Goods and Resources Marketed by Native Groups, Fort Nisqually, 1833-1849. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 24(1):1-20.

Nystuen, David, and Carla G. Lindeman (1969)
The Excavation of Fort Renville: An Archaeological Report. Minnesota Historical Archaeology Series 2. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.

Oglesby, R. E. (1963)
Manuel Lisa and the Opening of the Fur Trade. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press.

Oliphant, J. Oren (1925)
Old Fort Colville. Washington Historical Quarterly 16(1):29-40.

Oswalt, Wendell H. (1980)
Kolmakovskiy Redoubt. The Ethnology of a Russian Fort in Alaska. Monumenta Archaeologica 8, Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles.

Parsons, John E. (1952)
Gunmakers for the American Fur Company. New York Historical Society Quarterly 36(2).

Peeps, J. Calder (1958)
Fort Langley in Re-creation. The Beaver 289(#):30-39.

Peltier, Jerome A. (1961)
Neglected Spokane House. Pacific Northwesterner 5(3):33-41. Spokane.

Peterson, Eugene T. (1962)
Michilimackinac, Its History and Restoration. Mackinac Island: Mackinac Island State Park Commission.

(1963) Some 18th Century Clay Pipes Found at Mackinac. Michigan Archaeologist 9(1):1-11.

(1963) Clay Pipes: A Footnote to Mackinac's History. Mackinac History Leaflet 1.

(1964) Gentlemen on the Frontier, a Pictorial Record of the Culture of Michilimackinac. Mackinac Island: Mackinac Island State Park Commission.

(1968) France at Mackinac 1715-1760. Mackinac Island State Park Commission. Mackinac Island, Michigan.

Peterson, Cynthia L. (1997)
The Sand Road Heritage Corridor, Johnson County, Iowa: Archaeology and History of Indian and Pioneer Settlement. Contract Completion Report 492. Office of the State Archaeologist, The Unitersity of Iowa, Iowa City. (The excavation of a small American Fur Company Post 1837-1839, probably the only fur trading post excavated in Iowa. Report deals with local fur trade context and the site itself.)

Peterson, Harold L. (1956)
Arms and Armour in Colonial America 1526-1783. The Stackpole Company, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

(1958) American Knives. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.

(1964) American Indian Tomahawks. Heye Foundation, Museum of the American Indian, New York.

Pfeiffer, Michael A. (1975)

Smoking In Style at Fort Union Trading Post. Paper presented in the Anthropology Section, Nebraska Academy of Sciences, 18 April 1975. Manuscript on file, Midwest Archeological Center, National Park Service, Lincoln.

(1981) Clay Tobacco Pipes from Spokane House and Fort Colvile. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 15(2):221-235.

(1982) The Clay Pipes. In Kanaka Village/Vancouver Barracks, 1975, David H. Chance, editor, pp. 113-127. University of Washington, Reports in Highway Archaeology No. 7. Seattle.

(1982) Tobacco Pipes and the Fur Trade of the Pacific Northwest and Northern Plains. Master's thesis, University of Idaho, Moscow.

(1983) Clay Tobacco Pipes from Hudson's Bay Company's Bellevue Farm, San Juan Island, Washington (45-SJ-295). In The Archaeology of Clay Tobacco Pipe VIII, pp. 162-183. British Archaeological Reports International Series No., 175.

(1998) Clay Tobacco Pipes from the Fontenelle Site. In: Jensen, Richard E., The Fontenelle & Cabanne Trading Posts. The History and Archaeology of Two Missouri River Sites 1822-1838. pp. 143-160. Nebraska State Historical Society, Lincoln.

Pinkerton, Robert E. (1931)
Hudson's Bay Company. New York, Henry Holt and Company.

Putnam, Frederic W. (1876)
Iron Implements and Other Articles Obtained by Contact with the Europeans. United States Geological Survey West of the 100th Meridian 7:251-262. Washington.

Pyszczyk, Heinz W. (1985)
The Role of Material Culture in the Structure of Fur Trade Society. In Status, Structure and Stratification: Current Archaeological Reconstructions, edited by M. Thompson, M.T. Garcia and F. Kense, pp.399-406. The Archaeological Association of the University of Calgary, Calgary.

(1987) Consumption and Ethnicity: An example from the Fur Trade in Western Canada. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 8:213-249.

Quimby, George L. (1936)
Notes on Indian Trade Silver Ornaments in Michigan. Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters, Papers 22:15-24.

(1938) European Trade Articles as Chronological Indications for the Archaeology of the Historic Period in Michigan. Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters Papers 24(4):25-31.

(1941) Indian Trade Objects in Michigan and Louisiana. Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters Papers 27:543-551.

(1948) Culture Contact on the Northwest Coast, 1785-1795. American Anthropologist 50(2):247-255.

(1960) Indian Life in the Upper Great Lakes: 11,000 BC -- AD 1800. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

(1966) Indian Culture and European Trade Goods. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison.

Ray, Arthur J. (1974)
Indians in the Fur Trade: Their Role as Hunters, Trappers and Middlemen in the Lands Southwest of Hudson's Bay 1660-1870. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.

Reid, C. S. "Paddy" (1976)
Clay Pipes in the Upper Great Lakes: The Ermatinger Assemblage. Northeast Historical Archaeology 5(1-2):1-11.

(1977) Mansion in the Wilderness: The Archaeology of The Ermatinger House. Research Report 10. Ontario Ministry of Culture and Recreation, Ottawa.

(1978) The Dragon Sideplate: Its Origins, Variations and Chronologies on Fur Trade Sites. Ontario Archaeology 30:3-15.

(1980) Northern Ontario Fur Trade Archaeology: Recent Research. Archaeological Research Report 12. Historical Planning and Research Branch, Ontario Ministry of Culture and Recreation, Toronto.

Rich, E. E. (1966)
Montreal and the Fur Trade. McGill University Press, Montreal.

(1967) The Fur Trade and the Northwest to 1857. Toronto, McCelland and Stewart.

Robbins, Maurice (1956)
Some Evidence of the Use of Red Ochre into Historic Times. Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society 17(22):18-23.

(1968) A Brass Kettle Recovery at Corn Hill, Cape Cod. Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society 29(3-4):62-68.

Roberts, Frank H. H., Jr. (1952)
River Basin Surveys: The First Five Years of the Inter-Agency Archeological and Paleontological Salvage Program. Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution for 1951 pp. 351-383. Washington.

Robinson, H. M. (1879)
The Great Fur Land or Sketches of Life in the Hudson's Bay Territory. G. P. Putnam's Sons, Ltd., New York.

Rogers, D. J. (1993)
Ku on the Columbia: Hawaiian Laborers in the Pacific Northwest Fur Industry. Master's thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis.

Ross, Lester A. (1974)
Hudson's Bay Company Glass Trade Beads: Manufacturing Types Imported to Fort Vancouver (1829-1860). Bead Journal 1(2):15-22.

(1975) Early Nineteenth Century Euroamerican Technology within the Columbia River Drainage. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 9(1):32-50.

(1975) Forward Through the Historic Past. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 9(1):3-5.

(1975) Luxury in the Wilderness. Clark County History 16:45.

(1976) Fort Vancouver, 1829-1860: A Historical Archeological Investigation of the Goods Imported and Manufactured by the Hudson's Bay Company. Ms., Fort Vancouver National Historic Site, Vancouver, WA.

(1977) Transfer Printed Spodeware Imported by the Hudson's Bay Company: Temporal Markers for the Northwest United States, ca. 1836-1853. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 11(2):192-217.

(1990) Review of: Archaeological Testing in the Southeast Area, Vancouver Barracks Historic District. Historical Archaeology 24(1):118-120.

(1990) Trade Beads from Hudson's Bay Company Fort Vancouver (1829-1860), Vancouver, Washington. Beads 2:29-67.

(1998) Fort Vancouver National Historic Site: Evaluation of Historical and Archaeological Evidence for a Fireplace and Chimney Associated with the HBC New Office, ca. 1845-1860. Ms., National Park Service, Seattle, WA.

Ross, Lester A. and Caroline D. Carley (1976)
Fort Vancouver Excavations--XI: Bachelors' Quarters Privies. Ms., Fort Vancouver National Historic Site, Vancouver, WA.

Ross, Lester A., Bryn Thomas, Charles H. Hibbs, Jr., and Caroline D. Carley (1975)
Fort Vancouver Excavations--X: Southeastern Fort Area. Ms., Fort Vancouver National Historic Site, Vancouver, WA.

Russel, Carl P. (1967)
Firearms, Traps, and Tools of the Mountain Men. Alfred A. Knoph, New York.

Saastamo, Susan A. (1971)
The Application of a Functional Typology in the Analysis of Artifacts from the Excavation of Old Fort Colvile, Spring, 1970. Master's thesis, University of Idaho, Moscow.

(1971) The Application of a Functional Typology in the Analysis of Artifacts from the Excavation of Old Fort Colvile, Spring 1970. University of Idaho Anthropological Research Manuscript Series No. 3. Moscow.

Salwen, Burt (1964)
European Trade Goods and the Chronology of the Fort Shantok Site. New York: Columbia University Department of Anthropology.

(1966) European Trade Goods and the Chronology of the Fort Shantok Site. Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Connecticut 34:5-38. New Haven.

Schlesser, Norman D. (1975)
Hudson's Bay Company Fort Umpqua, 1836-1853. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 9(1):70-86.

Schoff, Harry L. (1938)
Activities of the Archaeological Division of the Frontier Forts and Trails Survey. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 8(3):69-70.

Schultz, Susan (1974)
Fort William: 1968-1973 Excavations, Pipe Analysis. Ms, Old Fort William, Thunder Bay, Ontario.

Schumacher, Paul J. F. (1961)
Archeological Field Notes, Fort Clatsop, Astoria, Oregon. Ms., National Park Service, San Francisco.

(1961) Archeological Field Notes, Fort Vancouver National Historic Site. Ms., National Park Service, Vancouver, WA.

Screenings (1954)
Members Frank Wilke and Emory Strong Recently Found a Cache of Trade Goods on the River Below Bingen, Washington. Screenings 3(7).

(1964) Lewis and Clark Medal. Screenings 13(10).

Smith, Allan H. (1957)
The Location of Flathead Post. Pacific Northwest Quarterly 48(2):47-58.

(1961) An Ethnological Analysis of David Thompson's 1809-1811 Journeys in the Lower Pend Oreille Valley, Northeast Washington. Ethnohistory 8(4):309-381.

Smith G. Hubert (1953)
Trade Beads from Ft. Berthold. Central Texas Archeology 6:41-56.

(1957) Archeological Salvage at Historic Sites in the Missouri Basin. Ms., Smithsonian Institution, Missouri River Basin Surveys, Lincoln.

(1960) Fort Pierre II (39 ST 217), a Historic Trading Post in the Oahe Dam Area, South Dakota. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 176; River Basin Surveys Papers 18. Washington.

(1960) Archaeological Investigations at the Site of Fort Stevenson (32 ML 1), Garrison Reservoir, North Dakota. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 176; River Basin Surveys Papers 19. Washington.

(1968) Big Bend Historic Sites. Publications In Salvage Archaeology 9. River Basin Surveys, Smithsonian Institution. Lincoln.

(1972) Like-A-Fishhook Village and Fort Berthold, Garrison Reservoir, North Dakota. National Park Service Anthropological Papers 2. Washington.

Smith, G. Hubert and John Ludwickson (1980)
Fort Manuel: The Archaeology of an Upper Missouri Trading Post, 1812-1813. Ms, Midwest Archeological Center, National Park Service, Lincoln.

Snow, Susan R. (1997)
The Moses Collins Site: An Undocumented Trading Post and Tavern in Frontier Eastern Iowa. Paper read at the 62nd Annual Society for American Archaeology Meetings, Nashville, Tennessee.

Snow, Susan R. with contributions by Lynn Marie Alex, Suzanne Doershuk, Jeannie Link, Leah Rogers, and Kathleen Siebert. (1996)
Phase I and Phase II Investigations of Seven Sites within the Proposed Historic District of Bowen's Prairie, US 151 (NHS-151-3(84)--19-57), Segment 4, Jones County, Iowa. Volumes 1-3. Contract Completion Report 477, Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.

South, Stanley A. (1970)
An Examination of the Site of Fort Hawkins in Macon, Bobb County, Georgia, with an Evaluation of the Potential for Historical Archeology, with a View toward Historic Site Development. Ms., Institute of Archeology and Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Speulda, Lou Ann (1987)
Champoeg: A Perspective of a Frontier Community in Oregon, 1830-1861. Master's thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis.

(1988) Champoeg: A Perspective of a Frontier Community in Oregon, 1830-1861. Oregon State University, Anthropology Northwest, No. 3. Corvallis.

Spooner, Harry L. (1939)
The Historic Indian Villages of the Peoria Lake Region, from 1730. Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science 32(2).

Sprague, Linda Ferguson (1975)
HBC Bellevue Farm Artifact Summary, 1973 Season, San Juan Island, Washington. In Miscellaneous San Juan Island Reports, 1971-1973, pp. 175-222. University of Idaho Anthropological Research Manuscript Series, No. 16. Moscow.

Sprague, Linda Ferguson, Carol A. Frescoln, Mary Giddings, Lorelea Hudson, Duane Marti, and Roderick

Sprague (1975)
Miscellaneous San Juan Island Reports 1971-1973. University of Idaho Anthropological Research Manuscript Series, No. 16. Moscow.

Sprague, Linda Ferguson, Mary Giddings, Duane Marti, and Roderick Sprague (1975)
Three Late Wagons from 45SJ295, the Hudson's Bay Company Bellevue Farm Site, San Juan Island, Washington. In Miscellaneous San Juan Island Reports, 1971-1973, pp. 223-243. University of Idaho Anthropological Research Manuscript Series No. 16. Moscow.

Sprague, Linda Ferguson and Roderick Sprague (1977)
Miscellaneous San Juan Island Reports 1912-1926, 1975. University of Idaho Anthropological Research Manuscript Series No. 38. Moscow.

Sprague, Roderick (1967)
Post-1800 Historical Indian Sites. Historical Archaeology 1:70.

(1971) Review of Astor Fort Okanogan by Garland F. Grabert. American Anthropologist 73(4):934-935.

(1978) Review of Kanaka Village/Vancouver Barracks, 1974 by David H. Chance and Jennifer Chance. Pacific Northwest Quarterly 69(4):189-190.

Sprague, Roderick (editor) (1983)
San Juan Archaeology, 2 Vols. Moscow: University of Idaho.

Steele, Harvey W. (1975)
U. S. Customs and the Hudson's Bay Company, 1849-1853. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 9(1):87-102.

(1977) Euroamerican Artifacts in the Oregon Territory, 1829-60: A Comparative Survey. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 11(2):174-183.

(1979) The Stock of the European Sale Shop at Fort Vancouver, 1829-1860. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 13(2):215-230.

Steele, Harvey W. and Ronald G. Cummings (1996)
The 1984-1985 Jail Project: Fort Vancouver National Historic Site--Vancouver, Washington. Ms., National Park Service, Vancouver, WA.


Steele, Harvey W., Lester A. Ross, and Charles H. Hibbs, Jr. (1975)
Fort Vancouver Excavations--XII: OAS Sale Shop Excavation. Ms., Fort Vancouver National Historic Site, Vancouver, WA.

Stilson, Leland (1988)
Test Excavations at the 1843 Fort Nisqually (45PI56), DuPont, Washington: A Preliminary Report. Pacific Lutheran University, Tacoma.

(1990) A Data Recovery Study of 45PI401, Hudson's Bay Dwellings Northwest Landing, Pierce County, Washington. Report to Weyerhaeuser Real Estate Company, Land Management Division, Tacoma from Western Heritage, Olympia.

(1991) A Data Recovery Study of 45PI405 Nisqually Village, at Northwest Landing, Pierce County, Washington. Report to Weyerhaeuser Real Estate Company, Land Management Division, Tacoma from Western Heritage, Olympia.

Stolz (Simon), Arleyn W. (1978)
Pottery Manufacture Analysis: An Experimental Means for Assessing Technological Continuity in the Altamont Region. Master's thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis.

Stone, Lyle M. (1965)
Preliminary Report -- 1965, Archaeological Investigation of Fort Michilimackinac, Mackinaw City, Michigan. Ms., Mackinac Island State Park Commission and Michigan State University, East Lansing.

(1967) Archaeology at Fort Michilmackinac. Mackinac History Leaflet 9. Mackinac Island State Park Commission, Mackinac Island, Michigan.

(1974) Fort Michilimackinac, 1715-1781. Anthropological Series 2. East Lansing.

Stout, Harriet M. (1973)
Excavations of Fort Colvile 1971. University of Idaho Anthropological Research Manuscript Series No. 10. Moscow.

Strong, Emory (1965)
Columbia River Trade Beads. Appendix to "Indian Trade Goods" by Arthur Woodward, pp. 33-36. Oregon Archaeological Society Publication No. 2. Portland.

Sunder, John E. (1965)
The Fur Trade on the Upper Missouri 1840-1865. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press.

Sussman, Lynne, and Lester A. Ross (1978)
Preliminary List of British Suppliers of Goods to the Hudson's Bay Company. Research Bulletin 94 Historic Sites and Research Branch, Parks Canada, Ottawa.

Sussman, Lynne (1979)
Spode/Copeland Transfer-Printed Patterns Found at 20 Hudson's Bay Company Sites. Canadian Historic Sites Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History No. 22. Ottawa.

Swanson, Earl H., Jr. (1962)
Historic Archaeology at Fort Okanogan, Washington, 1957. Tebiwa 5(1):1-10.

Tays, George (1935)
Industries and Trade Conducted at the Mission La Purisima Conception in California. Ms., National Park Service, San Francisco.

Thomas, Bryn (1980)
Kanaka Village/Vancouver Barracks, 1980 Test Excavations. Report to Washington State Department of Transportation, District 4, Vancouver, WA.

Thomas, Bryn, Charles Hibbs, Jr., and others (1984)
Report of Investigations of Excavations at Kanaka Village/Vancouver Barracks, Washington, 1980/1981. Report to Washington State Department of Transportation, Olympia from Archaeological and Historical Services, Eastern Washington University, Cheney, WA.

Thompson, Erwin N. (1968)
Fort Union Trading Post, Historic Structures Report, Part II, Historical Data Section. Ms, Midwest Archeological Center, National park Service, Lincoln.

(1972) San Juan Island Historic Resource Study. Denver Service Center, National Park Service, Denver.

Treganza, Adan E. (1954)
Fort Ross, a Study in Historical Archaeology. Ms., Department of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley.

Tuohy, Donald R. (1958)
Horseshoes and Handstones: The Meeting of History and Prehistory at the Old Mission of the Sacred Heart. Idaho Yesterdays 2(2):20-27.

Vanderwal, Ronald (1962)
Fort Michilimackinac: Dating Techniques. Ms., Mackinac Island State Park Commission, Lansing, MI.

(1962) Fort Michilimackinac: Glass and Ceramic Analysis - 1962 Season - Report No. 11. Ms., Mackinac Island State Park Commission, Lansing, Michigan.

Van Kirk, Sylvia (1980)
Many Tender Ties: Women in Fur Trade Society, 1670-1870. Watson and Dwyer, Winnipeg.

Vickers, Chris (1949)
Pine Fort on the Assiniboine River. Canadian Historical Review 30(1):66-68.

Von Frese, R. R. B., and Vergil E. Noble (1984)
Magnetometry for Archaeological Exploration of Historical Sites. Historical Archaeology 18(2):38-53.

Wackman, John F. (1991)
Report on the DuBay Collection at the Milwaukee Public Museum, 47-PT-122. Archaeological Rescue Inc., PO Box 618 Milwaukee WI 53201.

Walker, Iain (1971)
Clay Tobacco-Pipes from Nootka. National Historic Sites Service, Manuscript Report No. 59. Ottawa.

Wallace, W. S. (1934)
Documents Relating to the North West Company. The Champlain Society, Toronto.

Watkins, George T. (1965)
Washington State's Lewis and Clark Medal. The Record (1965), pp. 41-46. Pullman.

Weatherford, Claudine (1971)
Trade Bells of the Southern Plateau: Their Use and Occurrence through Time. Master's thesis, Washington State University, Pullman.

(1980) Trade Bells of the Southern Plateau: Their Use and Occurrence through Time. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 14(1):20-84.

Weaver, Robert McD. (1977)
A Preliminary Study of Archaeological Relationships at the Mission of the Sacred Heart of Jesus to the Coeur d'Alene Indians. Master's thesis, University of Idaho, Moscow.

(1977) The Jesuit Reduction System Concept: Its Implications for Northwest Archaeology. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 11(2):163-173.

Wheeler, R. C., W. A., Kenyon, A. R. Woolworth, and D. A. Birk (1975)
Voices from the Rapids. Publications of the Minnesota Historical Society, Minnesota Historical Archaeology Series No. 3. Minneapolis.

White, Stephen (1975)
Gunflints: Their Possible Significance for the Northwest Hudson's Bay Company Fort Umpqua, 1836-1853. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 9(1):51-69.

Wilson, Amy (1996)
Comparative Analysis of Bead Assemblage from the Fur Trade Posts Fort Colvile and Fort Vancouver. Master's thesis, University of Idaho, Moscow.

(1957) Report on Trade Goods. Appendix 2 to Excavations in the McNary Reservoir Basin near Umatilla, Oregon, by Douglas Osborne, pp. 225-226. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 166; River Basin Surveys Papers No. 8. Washington.

(1959) Analysis of Trade Goods. Appendix to A Comparative Cultural Analysis of an Indian Burial Site in Southeast Washington, by Roderick Sprague, pp. 98-105. Master's thesis, Washington State University, Pullman.

(1965) Indian Trade Goods. Oregon Archaeological Society Publication No. 2. Portland. Reprinted from Screenings 8(3) to 9(3).

Witthoft, John (1966)
Archaeology as a Key to the Colonial Fur Trade. Minnesota History 40(4):203-209.

Woodward, Arthur (1952)
Some Notes on Gun Flints. Military Collector and Historian 3(2):29-36.

(1958) Fort Union, New Mexico -- Guardian of the Santa Fe Trail, with Appendices. Ms., National Park Service, Sante Fe, NM.

(1959) Indian Trade Goods. Screenings 8-9.

Woodward, John A. and Herbert K. Beals (1980)
Fur Trade Symbols: A Glimpse form the Gladstone Graves. Association of Oregon Archaeologists Occasional Papers 1:99-124.

Woolworth, Alan R., and W. Raymond Wood (1960)
The Archaeology of a Small Trading Post (Kipp's Post, 32 MN 1) in the Garrison Reservoir, North Dakota. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 176; River Basin Surveys Papers 20. Washington.

Woolworth, Alan R., and Nancy L. Woolworth (1975)
Archaeological Excavations at the North West Company's Depot, Grand Portage, Minnesota, in 1970-1971. Ms. on file, National Park Service, Midwest Archeological Center, Lincoln, Nebraska.

(1982) Grand Portage National Monument: An Historical Overview and Inventory of Its Cultural Resources. 2 vols. Ms. on file, National Park Service, Midwest Archeological Center, Lincoln, Nebraska.

(1993) An Historical Study of the Grand Portage, Grand Portage National Monument, Minnesota. Ms. on file, National Park Service, Lincoln, Neb.

Published in the Colorado State Muzzle Loading Association’s Journals - 1973 & 1993


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Buck Conner
 
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