Were you an admirer of Chairman Mao or Fidel Castro? Why would you advocate such a communistic practice in the USA? Was there an American precedent to redistribute private land for free from the rich to the poor? It wasn't only the northern people making money, it was the entire Union. The south needed to pay their fair share of the Union war debt, right? And since black people benefited from the results of the war too why couldn't they also help to efficiently grow the much needed plantation cotton? I'll bet that the land grants were not private lands that were confiscated from rich people. That's unAmerican and unconstitutional don't you think? That's why there's no justification to take what you are saying over and over very seriously. Why should black soldiers get preference over white soldiers? Is that your idea of some kind of affirmative action? It was tough enough to pass the post war amendments giving blacks citizenship and the vote, and now you think that they should be given preferential treatment? I understand that this must be your idea of tongue-in-cheek right? Public land grants do not equate to the redistribution of private property. That's why the land grants were in the west. Comparing public land grants to private land redistribution is like comparing apples to oranges.