supplies for Niverville's raiding party 1747

Discussion in 'Primary Documentation' started by Spence10, Jan 7, 2019.

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  1. Jan 7, 2019 #1

    Spence10

    Spence10

    Spence10

    Cannon

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    This list of the supplies and equipment was brought by Niverville's raiding party of 79 men against the settlement of Number Four and points beyond on March 18, 1747. The list is in the Archives des colonies, France, Series C11A, volume 117, folios 191V to 194, National Archives of Canada, microfilm f-118.

    Supplies for Mr. Boucher de Niverville, commander:
    2 pounds of powder
    1 deerskin weighing three pounds
    4 pounds of balls and lead
    1 pair of oxhide shoes
    2 woodcutter`knives
    1 tomahawk
    1 folding knife
    2/3 of an ell of mazamet in one pair of mittens and one pair of socks
    1 strike-a-light
    1 awl
    1 ell of molton in one pair of leggings
    1 patch puller
    1 cotton shirt
    6 musket flints
    1 pair of snowshoes
    1 tumpline
    1 pound of chocolate
    1 bearskin
    1 toboggan
    2 pounds of tobacco

    Supplies for the three cadets:
    3 pounds of powder
    3 bearskins
    6 pounds of lead and balls
    3 deerskins weighing 8 pounds
    3 woodcutter`s knives
    3 folding knives
    3 strike-a-lights
    3 patch pullers
    3 awls
    18 musket flints
    3 tumplines
    3 tomahawks
    3 pounds of tobacco
    2 ells of mazamet in 3 pairs of mittens and 3 pairs of socks
    3 ells of molton in 3 pairs of leggings
    3 cotton shirts
    3 pairs of snowshoes
    3 toboggans

    Supplies for the six Canadian militia men:
    6 pounds of powder in bags of 1/8 of an ell
    12 pounds of lead in bags of 1/8 of an ell
    6 woodcutter`s knives
    6 strike-a-lights
    6 awls
    36 musket flints
    6 tumplines
    6 bearskins
    6 deerskins weighing 17 pounds
    6 pair of oxhide shoes
    6 tomahawks
    4 ells of mazamet in 6 pairs of mittens and 6 pairs of socks
    6 cotton shirts
    6 pairs of snowshoes
    6 toboggans
    6 pairs of ice creepers
    6 pounds of tobacco

    Supplies for the 45 Abenaki warriors:
    45 pounds of powder in a keg
    90 pounds of balls in 2 bags of 1/8 of an ell
    45 woodcutter`s knives
    45 folding knives
    45 strike-a-lights
    45 patch pullers
    20 awls
    200 gun flints
    12 tumplines
    10 untanned deerskins
    20 tomahawks
    200 arrow heads
    45 deerskins weighing 121 pounds
    10 pairs of snowshoes
    15 ells of mazamet in 45 pairs of mittens
    6 small crib blankets to make shoe liners
    12 toboggans
    50 pounds of tobacco
    12 stone pipes
    10 ells of molton in 10 pairs of leggings
    22 ells of mazamet and 4 ounces of Rennes thread in 4 capotes
    36 ells of Lyon linen in 12 shirts
    6 - 2 1/2 point blankets
    12 crooked knives
    4 pounds of vermilion
    1 1/2 ells of broadcloth in 6 breech cloths
    4 uncovered kettles weighing 23 pounds

    Supplies for 40 days for the whole party:
    15 bushels of cornmeal in 55 bags of 1/8 of an ell
    400 pounds of salt pork and 400 pounds hardtack in 14 bags
    1375 pounds of whole flour in 55 bags of 1/8 of an ell
    4 bushels of peas and 6 bushels of corn in 20 bags of 1/2 an ell
    4 pots of brandy and 1 pot of wine in 3 casks
    1 oilcloth
    2 new muskets
    6 small files
    25 fish hooks
    3 pots cheap rum for Indians on departure
    6 pounds of rice in 1 bag of 1/8 of an ell

    Supplies for 24 Abenakis and Iroquois who joined our party:
    24 pounds of powder in one bag of 1/2 ell
    48 pounds of lead and balls in 1 bag of 1/8 ell
    24 woodcutter`s knives
    24 strike-a-light
    24 patch pullers
    24 awls
    100 musket flints
    15 pairs of snowshoes
    10 tomahawks
    5 large axes
    24 deerskins weighing 65 pounds
    6 toboggans
    100 arrow heads
    6 stone pipes
    8 ells of mazamet in 24 pairs of mittens
    3 cradle blankets for shoe liners
    24 pounds of tobacco
    2 pounds of vermilion
    2 muskets
    1 kettle weighing 9 1/2 pounds
    500 pounds of whole wheat flour in 24 bags of 1/4 ell
    4 small files
    5 bushels of cornmeal in 12 bags of 1/4 ell
    2 bushels of peas in 8 bags of 1/4 ell
    50 pounds of grease in 5 kegs
    150 pounds salt pork and 300 pounds hardtack in 8 bags
    48 pounds of beef
    72 pounds of bread
    1 pot of cheap rum
    *****************************
    Spence
     
  2. Jan 7, 2019 #2

    Spence10

    Spence10

    Spence10

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    Notice in the list of Niverville's supplies:

    the weight of balls/lead is always twice that of powder

    it’s a winter raid, but no wool shirts are mentioned, only cotton and linen

    some gunpowder was carried in bags

    arrow heads, material not specified

    crib blankets for lining shoes

    the term hardtack is used in 1747, thought today to be a 19th-century term

    kegs of grease, purpose unspecified

    Spence
     
    Last edited: Jan 7, 2019
  3. Jan 7, 2019 #3

    tenngun

    tenngun

    tenngun

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    Since the grease was animal could it be just multi purpose? Break up ships bread and mix with grease and boil and you have puddings in haste, add a bit to stew for flavor as wild meat can be real low fat, grease your gun, rub on your foot covers, moccs or shoes, smear on exposed areas to discourage mosquito ect.
     
  4. Jan 8, 2019 #4

    tenngun

    tenngun

    tenngun

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    Note the number of shots per flint. Since they are using musket flints I’m going to guess 16 shots to a pound, six pounds 96 shots. Eighteen flints.... 5-6 shots per flint. ????
    Boucher got 4 pounds of lead, give him an officers fusil and twenty shots per pound that’s eighty shots, and six flint for that. Should he have a full sized gun and sixteen shots to the pound that’s sixty four shots, ten shots or so to a flint maybe as high as fourteen???
    I smoke once to twice a day and one pound of tobacco last about five months. By pipes are bigger, but even smoking heavy that’s at least two - three months worth.
    Extra tobacco for sharing a smoke with underlings? Musketflints used for fire stating?
     
  5. Jan 8, 2019 #5

    Black Hand

    Black Hand

    Black Hand

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    I find these interesting (among other things):
    200 arrow heads
    100 arrow heads
     
  6. Jan 9, 2019 #6

    Snapper Petta

    Snapper Petta

    Snapper Petta

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    Spence - Is this the Number 4 located in what is today Charlestown, NH? I portray a trader there from time to time and this would be a valuable resource for me when I'm at that location.

    That's all for now. Take care and until next time....be well.

    snapper
     
  7. Jan 9, 2019 #7

    Spence10

    Spence10

    Spence10

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    Yes, it is.

    You will have noticed the powder provided to some of the raiding party was in bags.

    Spence
     
  8. Jan 9, 2019 #8

    Snapper Petta

    Snapper Petta

    Snapper Petta

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    Spence - Thanks for your reply. As to the powder being in bags...yup, I saw that. For my display at the Fort I show powder (OK, it's really Petco black aquarium sand) in two pound bags along with other musket related tools and supplies.

    That's all for now. Take care and until next time....be well.

    snapper
     
  9. Jan 9, 2019 #9

    Spence10

    Spence10

    Spence10

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    That's probably a wise idea. ;)

    THE SOUTH CAROLINA GAZETTE
    July 24, 1736
    Charleston, South Carolina
    On the 8th Inst. a sad Misfortune happened at Wiltown, Mr. Welsh who kept Store there, having weighed two lb. of Gun-powder and put it in a Paper upon the Counter, another Man came in to light his Pipe and letting some of the Fire upon the Paper, the Powder in it, went off immediately and set one Barril with Powder which was under the Counter and another over against it in Fire at once, which blew up the House, whereby Mr. Welsh and a Boy were kill'd, and a great many Persons that were then in and about the House, miserably hurt and burnt.

    Spence
     
  10. Jan 10, 2019 #10

    Snapper Petta

    Snapper Petta

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    Spence - That's a great, albeit unfortunate, account. Using the aquarium sand was recommended to me by a friend who is also a history teacher. He said the sand has the same feel and look of true black powder; which allows him to open the powder bags he's made in his classes and at public events.

    That's all for now. Take care and until next time...be well.

    snapper
     

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