I just finished reading the Expedition into New Mexico Made by Antonio De Espejo 1582-1583, as Revealed in the Journal of Diego Perez De Luxan, a Member of the Party The 1929 translation I read was by Hammond and Rey. This would have been just another pre-colonial expedition to the Pueblos of NM, except it includes the first account of Europeans entering the Verde Valley in the vicinity of where I live. There are a lot of interesting things to be found in it, however. The handful of Spaniards were armed with harquebuses, and the writer was a soldier rather than a priest or scribe. Early on, they stopped for a week along the lower Rio Grande, which they called the Rio del Norte. During this week they "all made stocks for their harquebuses from this tornillo wood (screwbean mesquite) because the wood was very suitable for it. It seems like an odd thing to do several days into a journey and far away from civilization, but they must have felt the existing stocks were not suitable in some way. When they arrived at the pueblos, Luxan said "they wear shoes of tanned buffalo leather and tanned deerskins after the fashion of boots". I would assume that meant high top pueblo style moccasins, and these natives had no horses and had not yet been colonized. At another pueblo he says "the dress of the men consists of some blankets, a small cloth for covering their privy parts, and other cloaks, shawls and leather shoes in the shape of boots." He does mention deerskin jackets at one of the pueblos, but most of the clothing was cotton, except at the Zuni Pueblos, where "the blankets which the men and women wear are of agave fiber, so well carded that it resembles flax." The food they were given included lots of turkeys, maize, beans, calabashes (squash), and even potatoes and "other vegetables" along with a variety of wild foods. A Hopi guide evidently took them to the mines at Jerome, AZ, which they were not excited about because they contained mainly copper and very little silver. They named the first creek they came to in the Verde Valley the Rio de las Parras, because of the numerous parrots they found here at the time. The translator felt this was Sycamore Creek, but I think by the description it was probably Dry Beaver Creek, which is always flowing during the spring and has a large riparian area year around. It may have flowed year around back then, as well. They camped near a stream that ran into a large cienega and found an abandoned pueblo. I think this would have been lower Oak Creek near present Cornville, which has three large ruins and a large flat area that would have been a cienega (marsh) at the time. It would have been the right distance from their next stop, which was a cienega they named San Gregorio, near the mine. This would have been either Peck's Lake, near Clarkdale, or the farmland around Cottonwood, AZ.