I have yet to get out to shoot my recently acquired Pedersoli Brown Bess carbine but have been doing a lot of searching around on these forums for advice in the meantime. Sounds like paper cartridges and wads are more popular than a tight patched ball for loading ball. I'll probably try all the above. Thinking of starting at 25 yards with a light load. What have you found to be a reasonable light load for a Bess? Trying to limit recoil at first, let alone conserve hard to find black powder. Thanks!